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1

摘要


【本文目标】
通过本文实践,能在WINDOWS操作系统搭建UBUNTU 18.04 LTS环境,并在此环境编译成功EOS v1.0.5正式发布版本。


【前置条件】
有学习EOS环境搭建意向,不怕折腾。


【技术收获】
1)搭建UBUNTU 18.04 LTS环境
2)在硬件要求不满足官方要求的环境下EOS环境编译成功
3) EOS编译过程中的踩坑排查能力


2

编译血泪史


EOS主网上线没有几天,从各种渠道得知EOS环境搭建比较麻烦,辉哥刚开始想绕过编译环节或者直接使用可直接使用的环境。于是,辉哥首先从赵志明老师那儿拉个一个V1.0.5的已编译成功的版本,拉到笔记本的Ubuntu虚拟机环境根本没法跑起来。


然后,辉哥想用欧阳哥哥花了好长时间搭建成功的虚拟机环境来测试操作,结果发现EOS节点运行起来后,他主机的CPU占用率为90%,他就没法工作了。


又为了省钱,不愿意购买阿里云ECS环境。最终,辉哥还是在古千峰老师和欧阳哥哥的鼓励下,下定决心把EOS环境编译成功。因为目前大部分研发人员用的是WINDOWS操作系统,那在此基础上搭建Ubuntu虚拟机成功对大部分EOS学习者来说非常有帮助。而坊间搭建EOS环境编译的步骤介绍中都非常简单,基本都不写编译失败或者踩过的坑,好像编译都是很顺利似的。作为一个热心的技术布道者,辉哥就下定决心把环境编译好,并把踩的坑和方法都贡献出来,供大家学习交流。


如果还有其他人能够在其他环境,例如Centos 7, MacOs上编译成功的,希望也可以把自己编译过程制作文档,在本文留言,让更多的人少踩坑。

3

环境配置


1、WINDOWS主机及操作系统

关键信息:Windows 10 64位操作系统,8G内存,4核CPU。



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Windows 10系统环境


分析:从RAM要求看是不满足7GB RAM空闲资源要求,但有方法绕过去。


2、VmWare虚拟机

辉哥用的是VMware 10版本,可从官网下载或者参考(https://www.jianshu.com/p/683ea7d62a39)的“1,安装VMware虚拟机”章节完成虚拟机的安装。


3、Ubuntu资源配置

按照EOS的要求,辉哥选择UBUNTU 18.04 LTS版本。下载官网地址为https://www.ubuntu.com/download/server/thank-you?country=CN&version=18.04&architecture=amd64,AMD架构的经安装验证没有问题的。安装和配置方法参考(https://www.jianshu.com/p/683ea7d62a39) 的“2,安装Ubuntu操作系统”章节完成虚拟机的安装,建议硬盘和内存选择要尽可能大一些。



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Ubuntu资源


EOSIO的安装最低配置:

  • 7GB RAM free required
  • 20GB Disk free required
  • 辉哥的环境的RAM是不满足要求的,后面编译的时候注释代码绕过去,不影响编译成功。


4

编译历程和踩坑记录


4.1 【错误1】直接下载版本不可行


辉哥从EOSIO官网上下载V1.0.5的版本(https://github.com/EOSIO/eos/tree/v1.0.5),然后上传到Ubuntu虚拟机环境,运行'./eosio_build.sh'提示必须用github下载。只所以用v1.0.5版本,只是一个个人临时决定而已。


【信息交互提示1】


duncanwang@duncanwang:~/work/eos-1.0.5$ ./eosio_build.sh


输出:



> -bash: ./eosio_build.sh: Permission denied


解决方案:


duncanwang@duncanwang:~/work/eos-1.0.5$ chmod 755 ./eosio_build.sh


【信息交互提示2】


duncanwang@duncanwang:~/work/eos-1.0.5$ ./eosio_build.sh


输出:


> This build script only works with sources cloned from git Please clone a new eos directory with 'git clone https://github.com/EOSIO/eos --recursive' See the wiki for instructions: https://github.com/EOSIO/eos/wiki


4.2 【错误2】Github下载提示连不上github


【信息交互提示】


duncanwang@duncanwang:~/work$ git clone -b v1.0.5 https://github.com/EOSIO/eos --recursive


输出:

Cloning into 'eos'... fatal: unable to access 'https://github.com/EOSIO/eos/': Could not resolve host: github.com


解决方案:


提示表明链接不上github网站,增加了香港服务器解决。


  • 加入香港线路
sudo vim /etc/hosts


  • 加入以下配置后保存
192.30.253.113 github.com


  • 命令行增加配置
git config --global http.sslversion tlsv1


4.3 【错误3】Github下载提示端口错误


【信息交互提示】


duncanwang@duncanwang:~/work$ git clone https://github.com/EOSIO/eos --recursive


Cloning into 'eos'...
fatal: unable to access 'https://github.com/EOSIO/eos/': Failed to connect to github.com port 443: No route to host


duncanwang@duncanwang:~/work$ ping github.com
PING github.com (192.30.253.113) 56(84) bytes of data. From 192.168.1.100 icmp_seq=1 Destination Host Unreachable From 192.168.1.100 icmp_seq=2 Destination Host Unreachable From 192.168.1.100 icmp_seq=3 Destination Host Unreachable From 192.168.1.100 icmp_seq=4 Destination Host Unreachable From 192.168.1.100 icmp_seq=5 Destination Host Unreachable


解决方案:

参考网上方法,运行以下命令,但是结果还是不行。


sudo iptables -I INPUT -p tcp --dport 443 -j ACCEPT


古哥的建议是先解决linux翻墙的问题,有点小难度。辉哥就重启了一下Ubuntu虚拟机,然后重新下载,发现下载成功了。


4.4 【成功】版本下载成功


duncanwang@duncanwang:~$ git clone -b v1.0.5 https://github.com/EOSIO/eos --recursive
Cloning into 'eos'... remote: Counting objects: 107783, done. remote: Compressing objects: 100% (66/66), done. remote: Total 107783 (delta 25), reused 34 (delta 13), pack-reused 107700 Receiving objects: 100% (107783/107783), 105.34 MiB | 2.61 MiB/s, done. Resolving deltas: 100% (85696/85696), done. Note: checking out 'c9b7a2472dc3c138e64d07ec388e64340577bb34'. You are in 'detached HEAD' state. You can look around, make experimental changes and commit them, and you can discard any commits you make in this state without impacting any branches by performing another checkout.


4.5 【错误4】编译提示RAM空间不足


输入:


duncanwang@duncanwang:~/eos$ ./eosio_build.sh


错误提示:

Beginning build version: 1.2 Wed Jun 27 10:24:48 UTC 2018 User: duncanwang cat: .git/refs/heads/master: No such file or directory git head id: Current branch: HEAD ARCHITECTURE: Linux OS name: Ubuntu OS Version: 18.04 CPU speed: 3192.622Mhz CPU cores: 2 Physical Memory: 974 Mgb Disk install: /dev/sda2 Disk space total: 19G Disk space available: 13G Your system must have 7 or more Gigabytes of physical memory installed. Exiting now.


解决方法:

进到eos/scripts/路径,修改对应的sh文件,找到“Your system must have 7 or more Gigabytes of physical memory installed”字样,或者You must have at least %sGB of available storage to install EOSIO,将后面的exit 1命令去掉即可。

if [ "${MEM_MEG}" -lt 7000 ]; then printf "\\tYour system must have 7 or more Gigabytes of physical memory installed.\\n" printf "\\tExiting now.\\n" # exit 1 fi


顺道把硬盘不足的提示也注释掉,测试发现13G的空闲硬盘是可以编译成功的。

> if [ "${DISK_AVAIL%.*}" -lt "${DISK_MIN}" ]; then printf "\\tYou must have at least %sGB of available storage to install EOSIO.\\n" "${DISK_MIN}" printf "\\tExiting now.\\n" # exit 1 fi


4.6 【错误5】mongoDB无法下载


编译过程中错误提示:

Boost successfully installed @ /home/duncanwang/opt/boost. Checking MongoDB installation. Installing MongoDB 3.6.3. % Total % Received % Xferd Average Speed Time Time Time Current Dload Upload Total Spent Left Speed 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 --:--:-- 0:00:30 --:--:-- 0 curl: (28) Operation timed out after 30002 milliseconds with 0 out of 0 bytes received Unable to download MongoDB at this time. Exiting now.


分析:


eosio_build_ubuntu.sh 查找 “Unable to download MongoDB at this time.”关键字可知这个语句执行失败。


--STATUS=$(curl -LO -w '%{http_code}' --connect-timeout 30 https://fastdl.mongodb.org/linux/mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.6.3.tgz)


解决办法:

  • 本地下载2个文件“mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.6.3.tgz”和“mongo-c-driver-1.9.3.tar.gz”,上传到虚拟机的软件存放目录“/home/duncanwang/work/software”,
  • 修改脚本,重新运行./eosio_build.sh即可解决。这2个下载文件可在辉哥的知识星球找到,也可以上官网下载。


#STATUS=$(curl -LO -w '%{http_code}' --connect-timeout 30 https://fastdl.mongodb.org/linux/mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.6.3.tgz) #if [ "${STATUS}" -ne 200 ]; then # printf "\\tUnable to download MongoDB at this time.\\n" # printf "\\n\\tExiting now.\\n\\n" # exit 1; #fi cp /home/duncanwang/work/software/mongodb-linux-x86_64-3.6.3.tgz "${HOME}/opt/" # STATUS=$(curl -LO -w '%{http_code}' --connect-timeout 30 https://github.com/mongodb/mongo-c-driver/releases/download/1.9.3/mongo-c-driver-1.9.3.tar.gz) # if [ "${STATUS}" -ne 200 ]; then # if ! rm -f "${TEMP_DIR}/mongo-c-driver-1.9.3.tar.gz" # then # printf "\\n\\tUnable to remove file %s/mongo-c-driver-1.9.3.tar.gz.\\n" "${TEMP_DIR}" # fi # printf "\\tUnable to download MongoDB C driver at this time.\\n" # printf "\\tExiting now.\\n\\n" # exit 1; # fi cp /home/duncanwang/work/software/mongo-c-driver-1.9.3.tar.gz "${TEMP_DIR}/"


4.7 【错误6】RPC错误

编译过程中错误提示:


error: RPC failed; curl 56 GnuTLS recv error (-54): Error in the pull function. fatal: The remote end hung up unexpectedly fatal: early EOF fatal: index-pack failed Unable to clone clang repo @ https://github.com/llvm-mirror/clang.git. Exiting now. Cloning into 'llvm'... remote: Counting objects: 24803, done. remote: Compressing objects: 100% (23960/23960), done. error: RPC failed; curl 56 GnuTLS recv error (-54): Error in the pull function. fatal: The remote end hung up unexpectedlyfatal: early EOF fatal: index-pack failed


解决方法


提示RPC错误,古千峰反馈说,主网RPC服务不稳定。


  • 辉哥想到的方法是把需要的git clone --depth 1 --single-branch --branch release_40 https://github.com/llvm-mirror/llvm.git,git clone --depth 1 --single-branch --branch release_40 https://github.com/llvm-mirror/clang.git单独执行或者从windows下载转放到Ubuntu对应目录。

    编译的提示如下,还是搞不定。有大侠认为是因为我们下载的llvm.git,clang.git用的是最新版本的原因,没有用 release_40的版本,没有做重新尝试。


CMake Error at tools/clang/tools/diagtool/CMakeLists.txt:14 (target_link_libraries): The keyword signature for target_link_libraries has already been used with the target "diagtool". All uses of target_link_libraries with a target must be either all-keyword or all-plain.


The uses of the keyword signature are here:


* cmake/modules/LLVM-Config.cmake:105 (target_link_libraries)

* cmake/modules/AddLLVM.cmake:785 (target_link_libraries)


  • 辉哥第二天早晨过来,把 /tmp/llvm-compiler文件夹删除,重新编译一下,结果什么都成了。


4.8【成功】编译成功


完成4.7的删除文件夹重编译后,编译就成功了。



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EOS编译成功.png


4.9【成功】安装包


sudo make install


执行结果为成功,如下:

-- Installing: /usr/local/bin/nodeos -- Installing: /usr/local/var/log/eosio -- Installing: /usr/local/var/lib/eosio -- Installing: /usr/local/bin/cleos -- Installing: /usr/local/bin/keosd -- Installing: /usr/local/bin/eosio-launcher -- Installing: /usr/local/bin/eosio-abigen -- Installing: /usr/local/bin/eosiocpp duncanwang@duncanwang:~/eos/build$ make test


4.10【部分失败】验证安装是否成功


  • 运行mongod,在Ubuntu系统中,运行:


~/opt/mongodb/bin/mongod -f ~/opt/mongodb/mongod.conf &
输出内容:


[1] 24769


  • 检验eosio是否安装成功命令


duncanwang@duncanwang:~/eos/build$ make test


26/36 Test #26: unit_test_binaryen ................... Passed 130.46 sec Start 27: unit_test_wavm27/36 Test #27: unit_test_wavm .......................***Exception: SegFault433.62 sec Start 28: validate_deferred_test_abi28/36 Test #28: validate_deferred_test_abi ........... Passed 0.04 sec Start 29: plugin_test29/36 Test #29: plugin_test .......................... Passed 0.10 sec Start 30: nodeos_run_test30/36 Test #30: nodeos_run_test ...................... Passed 61.58 sec Start 31: p2p_dawn515_test31/36 Test #31: p2p_dawn515_test ..................... Passed 8.18 sec Start 32: distributed-transactions-test32/36 Test #32: distributed-transactions-test ........ Passed 74.44 sec Start 33: restart-scenarios-test-resync33/36 Test #33: restart-scenarios-test-resync ........ Passed 126.77 sec Start 34: restart-scenarios-test-hard_replay34/36 Test #34: restart-scenarios-test-hard_replay ... Passed 123.08 sec Start 35: restart-scenarios-test-none35/36 Test #35: restart-scenarios-test-none .......... Passed 130.01 sec Start 36: validate_dirty_db_test36/36 Test #36: validate_dirty_db_test ............... Passed 2.41 sec 97% tests passed, 1 tests failed out of 36 Total Test time (real) = 1091.60 sec The following tests FAILED: 27 - unit_test_wavm (SEGFAULT) Errors while running CTest Makefile:119: recipe for target 'test' failed make: *** [test] Error 8


5

编译总结


EOS成功的编译总是相同的,不成功的编译各个各的不幸。这儿总结下成功的步骤,一般是及其简单的。


1)下载最新代码

git clone https://github.com/EOSIO/eos.git --recursive

2)内存限制修改
ubuntu:eosio_build_ubuntu.sh 25行7000改成3000

3)编译
./eosio_build.sh

4)安装命令:cd build 然后maker install


6

【成功】私有节点运行


辉哥解决不了哪个安装测试错误的问题,就当做没有发生了。


直接输入命令启动私有节点。


cd ~/eos/build/programs/nodeos


./nodeos -e -p eosio --plugin eosio::chain_api_plugin --plugin eosio::history_api_plugin


输出结果如下:

1672402ms thread-0 chain_plugin.cpp:208 plugin_initialize ] initializing chain plugin 1672402ms thread-0 chain_plugin.cpp:391 plugin_initialize ] Starting up fresh blockchain with default genesis state. CHAINBASE: Failed to pin chainbase shared memory (of size 1024 MB) in RAM. Performance degradation is possible. CHAINBASE: Failed to pin chainbase shared memory (of size 340 MB) in RAM. Performance degradation is possible. 1672457ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:290 plugin_initialize ] configured http to listen on 127.0.0.1:8888 1672458ms thread-0 net_plugin.cpp:2947 plugin_initialize ] Initialize net plugin 1672458ms thread-0 net_plugin.cpp:2971 plugin_initialize ] host: 0.0.0.0 port: 9876 1672458ms thread-0 net_plugin.cpp:3043 plugin_initialize ] my node_id is dd1b4640288cfefc56f90bc02f92b7ddd5f8e2e6f1d46d0422f7a5f43dafce8e1672459ms thread-0 main.cpp:104 main ] nodeos version c9b7a247 1672459ms thread-0 main.cpp:105 main ] eosio root is /home/duncanwang/.local/share1672459ms thread-0 controller.cpp:1190 startup ] No head block in fork db, perhaps we need to replay 1672459ms thread-0 controller.cpp:304 initialize_fork_db ] Initializing new blockchain with genesis state 1672496ms thread-0 chain_plugin.cpp:446 plugin_startup ] starting chain in read/write mode 1672496ms thread-0 chain_plugin.cpp:451 plugin_startup ] Blockchain started; head block is #1, genesis timestamp is 2018-06-01T12:00:00.000 1672496ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:331 plugin_startup ] start listening for http requests1672496ms thread-0 chain_api_plugin.cpp:75 plugin_startup ] starting chain_api_plugin 1672496ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/abi_bin_to_json 1672496ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/abi_json_to_bin 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/get_abi 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/get_account 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/get_block 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/get_block_header_state 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/get_code 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/get_currency_balance 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/get_currency_stats 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/get_info 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/get_producers 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/get_required_keys 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/get_table_rows 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/push_block 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/push_transaction 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/chain/push_transactions 1672497ms thread-0 history_api_plugin.cpp:38 plugin_startup ] starting history_api_plugin 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/history/get_actions 1672497ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/history/get_controlled_accounts 1672498ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/history/get_key_accounts 1672498ms thread-0 http_plugin.cpp:377 add_handler ] add api url: /v1/history/get_transaction 1672498ms thread-0 net_plugin.cpp:3055 plugin_startup ] starting listener, max clients is 25 1672498ms thread-0 producer_plugin.cpp:577 plugin_startup ] producer plugin: plugin_startup() begin 1672498ms thread-0 producer_plugin.cpp:592 plugin_startup ] Launching block production for 1 producers at 2018-06-29T09:27:52.498. 1672499ms thread-0 producer_plugin.cpp:604 plugin_startup ] producer plugin: plugin_startup() end 1673001ms thread-0 producer_plugin.cpp:1073 produce_block ] Produced block 000000024e3c9579... #2 @ 2018-06-29T09:27:53.000 signed by eosio [trxs: 0, lib: 0, confirmed: 0] 1673502ms thread-0 producer_plugin.cpp:1073 produce_block ] Produced block 00000003176eba27... #3 @ 2018-06-29T09:27:53.500 signed by eosio [trxs: 0, lib: 2, confirmed: 0] 1674001ms thread-0 producer_plugin.cpp:1073 produce_block ] Produced block 00000004726778be... #4 @ 2018-06-29T09:27:54.000 signed by eosio [trxs: 0, lib: 3, confirmed: 0] 1674502ms thread-0 producer_plugin.cpp:1073 produce_block ] Produced block 0000000546ea9c4a... #5 @ 2018-06-29T09:27:54.500 signed by eosio [trxs: 0, lib: 4, confirmed: 0]


7

参考文档


1)Windows10下 opencv2.4.9+dlib19.7+Visual Studio 2017 配置教程

(https://blog.csdn.net/v645589437/article/details/78373728)


2) EOS智能合约开发(一):EOS环境搭建和启动节点[P叔]

(https://blog.csdn.net/qq_42204339/article/details/80395981)


3)官网本地环境搭建

(https://github.com/EOSIO/eos/wiki/Local-Environment)


4)EOSIO编译安装[古千峰@BTCMedia]

(https://github.com/eoshackathon/eos_dapp_development_cn/blob/master/docs/eos_compile_install.md)


5)EOS测试环境快速搭建

(https://www.jianshu.com/p/c47091d69dde)

本文作者:HiBlock区块链技术布道群-辉哥 原文发布于简书 原文链接:https://www.jianshu.com/p/55cd194eff7a
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